9mm plywood 7 plies

Number of Plies in Plywood

Knowing how many plies in Chinese hardwood faced plywood. 3-ply, 5-ply plywood, 7 ply plywood, 13 ply plywood with different thicknesses.

The plies rules only applies to Chinese hardwood faced plywood, especially poplar core plywood. Chinese plywood mill use thin plywood veneers as basic material for production. The other countries of plywood production are Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Russia, Latvia and Unites States. Material used outside China are pine, birch, meranti, etc. These veneers are different with poplar veneer. So the number of plie rules don’t apply to plywood produced outside of China.

In the old days, people use 3-ply or 5-ply to name plywood because most of the plywood was made with three or five layers of veneers. In this page, we will talk about the number of plies in a hardwood faced plywood with poplar core. This will help if you decide to import plywood from China.

Odds Number of Plies

In a plywood sheet, there is usually an odd number of plies, so that the sheet is balanced. The balance warping. Because plywood is bonded with grains running against one another and with an odd number of composite parts, it has high stiffness perpendicular to the grain direction of the surface ply.

So the plywood is 3 plies, 5 plies, 7 plies, 9 plies, 11 plies, etc. There is also 4 plies for thin plywood but it is very rare. For thickness plywood like 18mm there are usually 13 or 15 plies.

Plies number in each thickness

This list only applies to Chinese plywood. It doesn’t apply to Malaysian or Chilean plywood because much thicker veneers are used by manufacturers in Malaysia and Chile.

Plywood Thickness
Number of Plies (including face veneers)
3.63 or 5
5.2-6.55 or 7
97 or 9
129 or 11
1511 or 13
1813 or 15
2115 or 17
2517 or 19

3.2mm plywood with 3 plies

3.2mm plywood 3 plies

9mm plywood with 7 plies

9mm plywood 7 plies

18mm plywood with 13 plies

18mm plywood with 13 plies

Calculate Ply Layers by Thickness

Number of Plies will increase 2 plies when plywood thickness increases 3mm. For example, 18mm plywood has 13 plies. Then 25mm (18mm + 3mm x2) will have 13 plies + 2x2plies = 17 plies.

Compare 18mm with 13 plies and 15 plies

Specifications18mm with 13 plies18mm with 15 plies
Glue UsedStandardMore
Veneer ThicknessStandardThinner


What is the minimum number of layers in plywood?

Minimum number of plies in plywood is 3 plies including face and back.

Does number of plies have to be odd number?

Not always. 4-plies plywood exists when the four layers are well balanced by manufacturers.

Does more layers increase quality?

Plywood with more layers are more stable and stronger.


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